Fresh and powdered eggs: how they are prepared for export to India
During the meeting between President Mauricio Macri and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, as part of the state visit to that other Asian giant, the approval of protocols for the export of fresh eggs and egg products, lemons was announced , fish and bone meal, and chia seeds.
While the announcement was well received, there is uncertainty especially in the poultry sector because it remains to know the details of this agreement.
Argentina produced 12,700 million eggs last year and in total it exported 2.5% of production (317.5 million units). Thus, India joins the 56 already open markets for Argentine eggs, with Russia being the main one.
In this sense, there are two ways to export eggs. The first has to do with the fresh egg in shell (in maple); and the other is through egg products, under three different forms, such as chilled liquid egg, frozen liquid egg or egg powder (the latter is the most used). In the first case, fresh eggs are located in maples, which they are more resistant to those that are customary to use in the local market, and then they are introduced in a box with capacity for 12 maples (360 eggs in total).
Argentina is characterized for producing eggs from 58 to 65 grams so there is uncertainty from the Argentine Chamber of Poultry Producers (Capia). According to its president, Javier Prida, the size of eggs required from the Indian country is still unknown.
In the case of the egg product, occasionally the egg powder, an industry process is needed, in which the egg is broken through machines (the husk is separated from the yolk and the egg white), then it is filtered, it cools, it is pasteurized and finally, it is dehydrated (the water evaporates with hot air to achieve the solid). This process is similar to that used by the dairy industry to obtain milk powder.
Then, the egg powder production is placed in boxes of 25 kilos and is shipped to the destination.
As for the lemons, Martín Carignani, president of Asociación Ciudarícola del Noroeste Argentino (Acnoa), highlighted the opening of the Indian market for Argentine lemons. “For us this market is strategic because there is an exponential growth of the population and consumption and it is also the entrance to the big markets of Asia, such as China,” said the manager. Carignani integrates the tour with the official delegation. “In the short term it is also the door to open the market to sweet citrus,” he added.
According to Carignani, this announcement was a first step. “It will take years to develop a market. This beginning is the fruit of work of many years and of many people. For years, Senasa’s technical team has been working with Agroindustria to achieve this agreement. “